Tokyo University of Foreign Studies is a highly selective, specialist institution for International Studies and offers some languages that are rarely taught elsewhere in the world. The Shirakawa Village School's town bulletin explains the point of education for the commoners, "If not only the important people of the village but also the lesser people have continuous teaching from the appointed village schools, they will gain understanding". McGill Journal of Education. Social Science Japan Journal. Others, such as foreign-language study, begin at this level, though from April , English became a compulsory part of the elementary school curriculum. In upper-secondary school, differences in ability are first publicly acknowledged, and course content and course selection are far more individualized in the second year. The remaining four-year colleges in were private.