University of Wisconsin Press. Ambilineality Unilineality Matrilineality Patrilineality. First, there are concerns with the ability to validly equate one's test score with what Mead refers to as racial admixture or how much Negro or Indian blood an individual possesses. Mead earned her bachelor's degree from Barnard in , then began studying with professor Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict at Columbia University , earning her master's degree in Conversely, the Arapesh were also described as equal in temperament, yet Bernard states that Mead's own writings indicate that men fought physically over women, yet women did not fight physically over men, despite the two being supposedly equal in temperament. Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory. Before then, children have no social standing within the community. She also considers whether this information is relevant when interpreting IQ scores.