Religious parties, which do poorly at the polls but exert considerable sway over public debate, believe Islam should govern all spheres of life. Women can drive, are enrolled in universities and have played prominent roles in politics. She frowns on women who carry secret cell phones unmonitored by their parents and wear revealing outfits under conservative dress that come off before getting on the dance floor. Conservatism began sweeping through Pakistan during the military dictatorship of General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq in the s under a drive to Islamize the state. In an incident that traumatized the elite, the governor of Punjab province, Salman Taseer, was assassinated by his own bodyguard last year for opposing harsh anti-blasphemy laws. News reports have said a tribal council in a village near the Afghanistan border ordered four women killed earlier this year for clapping and singing as men danced at a wedding.